Can you help me understand this Accounting question?

The equity section of the balance sheet can include many items such as preferred stock, common stock par value, additional paid-in capital, retained earnings, and treasury stock.

Elaborate on why these items are important for investors ?

what the items reflect ?

what they have to do with the market price of the firm’s shares of stock?

* Use an academic or industry-related article regarding this thesis and its implications for Saudi Arabia and Saudi Vision 2030.

– Use APA style

– Set the refrerence