Help me study for my Engineering class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

I have attached the Bibliography form along with the working Thesis. I also included the grading rubric

Producing Clean Drinking Water

Working Thesis:

There are many possible ways to save the world but, weather they are effective or not depends on the process taken. One of our major global issues that consistently arises is the shortage of water. There is a process that can aid in providing clean drinking water which is called desalination. Desalination is the process of of removing salt from sea water. Over ninety five percent of the worlds water is saltwater, which makes it seem like desalination will fix the shortage. Though, desalination has it’s pros and its cons.

Pros of desalination are that its method has actually proven to be effective and it has a large source supply while preserving the the Earths fresh water.

Cons of desalination include that it is not very cost effective and it also aids in another world issue, which happens to be global warming. Is it worth it to solve one problem even if it starts another?


Developing an Outline or Organization Plan


You’re in the stages of creating something that’s your own. That can be exciting, but it can also be intimidating. Before developing your draft, you need a plan.

By developing an outline or organizing the plan for your paper, you are preparing a map of your thoughts and a sequence for presenting them. The more you flesh this out, the better, as your next phase involves writing the paper itself. That will go much more smoothly if you have a plan in place.


The Outline/Plan is worth 10 points. It is assessed on the clarity of the organization plan, the level of detail, inclusion of source material, accurate grammar and usage.


1. Review some of the examples of outlines and graphic organizers.

2. Write an outline for your findings. Start with an introduction and your thesis. Refer back to your original proposal, and in the points that correlate to your body paragraphs and subtopics, be sure to note where you plan to include source information.

3. Submit the organization plan that you wrote in step 2 to the Organizing Your Thoughts discussion topic. You can review the options and their corresponding plans above. Remember that developing this outline is like drawing a map, marking off the clear points that you want to stop and explore.

Grading rubric

Criteria Overview

/15 Introductory Paragraph

/40 Body Paragraphs

/20 MLA Format

/5 Concluding Paragraph

/20 Mechanics

Criteria Breakdown

Points Scored Points Possible Criteria Description
15 Introductory Paragraph

The introductory paragraph is fully developed (100+ words), coherent and smoothly leads to a concise and focused thesis which is the last sentence of this paragraph. The introductory remarks or the thesis contains the subtopics to be covered.

The thesis is concise and presents a clear focus on the essay’s topic.

40 Body Paragraphs

Body paragraphs are unified, coherent and appropriately structured paragraphs containing restricted topic sentences, primary and secondary supports.

The secondary supports are specific examples and details and research from outside sources. The essay is a combination of your ideas and smoothly integrated research you found from the secondary sources.

These paragraphs are 200 – 250 words each.

20 MLA Format

A complete heading is placed in the upper left hand corner, and the title of the essay is centered.

The essay is double-spaced and each paragraph is indented.

The smoothly integrated research is from a minimum of 3 sources using appropriate MLA parenthetical documentation for all direct quotes, summary and paraphrase.

The Works Cited section is correctly formatted.

5 Concluding Paragraph This paragraph is appropriately structured and brings closure to the essay (50+ words).
20 Mechanics

Your essay contains correct grammar, punctuation, spelling and word choice.

You can use third person objective point of view. Avoid first person “I” and/or third person “we”/”us”/”our”.

Do not use “you”. Refer to the LibGuide: “Get the ‘You’ Outta Here” for help with this.

Check out the LibGuide: Grammar Guide from our SPC Library Research Section. You may find it helpful.

Research Essay Format


The written portion of the final draft should be about 1200 words total.


The final draft and phases leading up to it should written and developed using MLA format OR APA format (choose ONE– not a mix of both!). See the St. Petersburg College Libraries’ APA / MLA / CSE Citation Assistance: MLA Style LibGuide for MLA formatting guidelines. If you choose APA, refer to the APA Citation Help Guide: APA Style 7th Ed.


Your final draft should include an introduction and conclusion, as well as a minimum of 4 body paragraphs that develop and support your focus and thesis.

In-text Support

The essay body may include specific subtopics that detail and develop your thesis, and you will need to integrate source material into these body paragraphs. You will want to review the differences between quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing material. In addition, make sure your own thoughts are central, and that source material is used as support.

Works Cited

You must also have a Works Cited/References page at the end of your final draft. It should include at least four sources, but preferably five (as you found for the Working Bibliography– although you may have found additional sources). At least two MUST be from the SPC Online Library. Use MLA format (as noted above). At least two sources must be from the Online Library.

Two Sources from Librabry MUST USE|A605929089&v=2.1&it=r&sid=ebsco