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In the Proposition NPS article (found in Course Documents), review the value of prepositioning disaster supplies ahead of a disaster. In each case presented, determine if the effort to move supplies made a significant impact on the success or failure of the event ADN Select one event and provide an example of an action that would have provided a better outcome for the disaster. Briefly explain how you came to that conclusion.



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Introduction

Natural disasters are hard to control as they occur as a result of natural activities. As a result, when a natural disaster occurs, they cause a lot of damage to the people as well as loss of lives. When a natural disaster occurs, people who are affected will usually require help to get out of their position. Governments of the affected countries have to act swiftly after an occurrence of a natural disaster to save those affected. Humanitarian agencies also help during such events. This way, the affected people are helped to be able to lead a normal life. Disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis destroy a lot of properties as well as leading to loss of lives. Prepositioning of supplies to be used in case of an occurrence of an emergency is one way of being prepared for any natural disaster. If the natural disaster is suspected to occur early in advance, the government, as well as humanitarian agencies, can preposition emergency supplies to be used as well as warning people to move to a safe area.

In the Proposition NPS article (found in Course Documents), review the value of prepositioning disaster supplies ahead of a disaster. In each case presented, determine if the effort to move supplies made a significant impact on the success or failure of the event.

According to the Proposition NPS article, several disasters have occurred around the world, and every time they occur they lead to the death of several people as well as the destruction of property. Some of the natural disasters that occurred include; the Indian Ocean Boxing Day tsunami which happened in 2004, Haiti earthquake of 2010, Hurricane Katrina which occurred in 2005 and finally the influenza swine-flu which occurred in 2009 (Apte & Yoho, 2011). All these disasters had a devastating impact as it leads to the loss of lives as well as the destruction of property. After the occurrence of the 2004 tsunami, supplies were moved to the affected areas though with a lot of problems. No supplies were pre-positioned before the occurrence of the tsunami. The Haiti earthquake also led to the death of several people. Despite the early warnings, there were no pre-positioned supplies for the emergency. Supplies were delivered with a lot of difficulties after the disaster. During the hurricane Katrina, logistics of supplying goods and services were also a problem. Even though the supplies got to the affected people, they were delivered very late. During the swine flu epidemic, supplies were made to the affected areas easily though there were some challenges.

Select one event and provide an example of an action that would have provided a better outcome for the disaster. Briefly explain how you came to that conclusion

Hurricane Katrina is one of the events that should have been handled differently to reduce its impact. Even though a lot was done by the government of United States as well as other humanitarian agencies, had they prepared effectively for the disaster, they would have helped save many lives as well as property. Before the occurrence of the disaster in New Orleans, there were warnings of a pending danger (Apte & Yoho, 2011). The people around the area affected were warned to move to safe areas but ignored the warnings. They continued to stay in the areas hence after the occurrence of the disaster; the people were hard hit. Emergency teams in the country also didn`t hide to the warning, and for this reason, they didn`t pre-position emergency supplies. As such, they did not respond effectively to the emergency. If the government, as well as the various humanitarian agencies in the United States, had pre-position emergency supplies before the occurrence of the disaster, they would have saved many people as well as improve logistics after the disaster had occurred. As such, the response to the disaster wasn`t done effectively as a result of poor logistics and lack of effective planning. If all these were done, the situation could have improved (Erdelj, Natalizio, Chowdhury & Akyildiz, 2017).

Conclusion

Disasters pose a great challenge to both people and the government of countries where they occur. An effective response to disasters is very crucial as it helps save a lot of people as well as property. In the event of occurrence of a disaster, massive destruction of property occur as well as loss of lives. For this reason, effective planning and pre-positioning of emergency supplies before the occurrence of a disaster in case there are warnings is very essential as it helps manage disasters effectively.

References

Apte, A., & Yoho, K. D. (2011). Strategies for logistics in case of a natural disaster(No. NPS- LM-11-188). NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS AND PUBLIC POLICY.

Erdelj, M., Natalizio, E., Chowdhury, K. R., & Akyildiz, I. F. (2017). Help from the sky: Leveraging UAVs for disaster management. IEEE Pervasive Computing, (1), 24-32