Can you help me understand this History question?

Choose and write on one question from below. Use both the numbering and the wording of the question that you are attempting as the title of your essay. Discussion essay should be between 500 and 600 words long (200-250 words for the Response Essay). Essays must be pasted onto the Discussion Board (do not use attachments). Your discussions must include references from the assigned course readings and a Word Count at the end of your essay.

[Primary Essay Deadline, 9:00 PM, Thursday, December 5; Response Essay Deadline, 9:00 PM, Friday, December 6]

1. Discuss the economic, social, and political challenges facing Africa today.

2. Evaluate the progress towards racial equality in the United States since the Civil Rights struggles of the 1950s and 1960s.